There are a ton of different martial arts techniques out there. Now, we are not talking about different styles of martial arts, such as Taekwondo, Karate, Jeet Kune Do, or any other, but the different techniques which each of them incorporate. Different martial arts specialize in various techniques, with some like Taekwondo being focused more on kicking, where others such as Brazilian Jiu Jitsu focus on grappling on submissions more than anything else. Let’s take a look at some of the biggest, most popular, and most effective martial arts techniques out there.
Chokeholds, sometimes referred to as strangleholds are a mainstay in various martial arts, with ones like Aikido, BJJ, and many others. The point of a chokehold is to cut off the supply of blood and or oxygen to the brain, thus causing rapid loss of consciousness. There are two main types of chokeholds. One is the air choke, where the main goal is to cut off the upper airways, thus causing pain and suffocation. The other type is the blood choke, where the goal is to stop the blood flow in the jugular veins and carotid arteries, thus stopping the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain. Both types are very effective and can render an opponent unconscious in a matter of minutes. These are some of the quickest and most effective ways to disable an opponent while causing no or minimal lasting damage.
Joint locks are another very effective way to subdue an opponent. Many people would refer to joint locks as submission moves, as they involve forcing joints past their normal range of motion, thus hyperextending them. This can indeed be very dangerous and quick to disable an opponent. Forcing joints past their normal range of motion can cause tremendous pain, dislocated and broken bones, torn tendons, ripped ligaments, and pulled or torn muscles too. People who are subjected to a joint lock would be wise to submit before serious injuries occur.
Some good examples of joint locks you may be familiar with include thumb and wrist locks, arm bars, ankle locks, elbow locks, and a variety of others. Any joint that moves can be locked, thus causing the opponent to either submit or suffer the consequences. Some of the most dangerous joint locks involve those that put pressure on the spinal cord (or force it to move a way it shouldn’t). There are many different martial arts which use these joint locks techniques. Some of the most prevalent include Chin Na, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Judo, and Aikido.
If you have ever watched any movie starring Steven Seagal, you will know exactly what a joint lock is. Steven will grab an opponent’s hand, wrench their wrist around, twist their elbow, and force them to the ground, often finishing things off with a big right hand to the jaw. The point is that joint locks are some of the best ways to quickly subdue an opponent. There is a sub-category known as muscle locks, where the opponent is manipulated so that their muscles squeeze against bones, thus causing horrible pain.
Strikes & Kicks
A strike is said to be any hit with a part of your body, with the point being to cause pain, injury, or death. When it comes to martial arts, striking is done with the hands, elbows, feet, shins, knees, legs, and other body parts. When it comes to hand strikes, these can be open handed, closed fist, or even with the fingers. Finger strikes can be done with one finger, several together, or even when held in a claw like fashion to rip at flesh. Closed handed strikes include normal punches as well as the hammerfist strike. Open handed strikes can come in the form of pokes, chops, palm strikes, knifehand strikes. Pretty much any part of your body can be used to execute strikes.
There are of course also a lot of kick variations. Martial artists can use legs, knees, feet, and even toes to perform leg strikes, otherwise known as kicks. There are many simple kicks such as the side, back, front, or roundhouse kick. There are also much more complex kicks such as the axe kick, butterfly kick, crescent kick, spinning kicks, and a variety of kicks that involved connecting with the opponent more than once. Kicks can be used either offensively or defensively.
Throws and takedowns are technically two different things, but in today’s world of modernized martial arts, especially mixed martial arts (MMA), they have more or less become one in the same. Originally throws were associated with martial arts such as Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and Judo, whereas takedowns were more related to wrestling and other North American fighting styles. Today, takedowns and throws can both be seen in martial arts such as BJJ, judo, jujutsu, sumo, wrestling, and many others.
Simply put, a takedown is when you cause your opponent to become off-balanced and then push or drag them down to the ground. The aim is to then land on top of them in position of power. On the other hand, throws are when you cause your opponent to become off-balanced, but instead of just taking them down, you first lift them up in one way or another and literally throw them down. Both can be very effective and both throws and takedowns are now mainstay techniques in MMA.
Weapon techniques exist in virtually every style of martial art and they are meant to be both offensive and defensive. Long swords, short swords, daggers, staffs and sticks, axes, hammers, spears, mace, clubs, throwing stars, and so many other weapons are used in a variety of martial arts. Wood, bone, and metal weapons are all fair game here. There are to many cool weapons to highlight in this post, but if you click here, you’ll see my top 10 favorite martial arts weapons and cool ways to use them.
As you can see, there are many different martial arts techniques to learn and master. The interesting thing is that each martial art has different types of kicks, strikes, locks, chokes, and other techniques. Some are more oriented towards one and some more towards another. All of the techniques are effective and deadly in their own right, so knowing a good mix of all of them is preferable.